Patrice Émery Lumumba Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo

Patrice Émery Lumumba Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo

 Patrice Émery Lumumba (born Élias Okit’Asombo) 2 July 1925 – 17 January 1961) was a Congolese independence leader and the first democratically elected Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo (now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo) after he helped win its independence from Belgium in June 1960.

Within twelve weeks, Lumumba’s government was deposed in a coup during the Congo Crisis. The main reason why he was ousted from power was his opposition to Belgian-backed secession of the mineral-rich Katanga province.

He was subsequently imprisoned by state authorities under Joseph-Desiré Mobutu and executed by firing squad under the command of the secessionist Katangan authorities. The United Nations, which he had asked to come to the Congo, did not intervene to save him. Belgium, the United States (via the CIA), and the United Kingdom (via MI6) have all been implicated in Lumumba’s death.

Patrice Émery Lumumba Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo

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